Computing equipment which is liquid cooled is about to become the future of every data center. These coolants are basically engineering fluids that have a deep impact on the productivity of the set-up.

For the records, data centers use up a substantial amount of the world's electricity supply. Nearly half of this energy is consumed for cooling down computing equipment. Powerful air-conditioners are deployed to achieve the goal.

An ideal data center must be quiet, cold and should use up less electricity. Computing equipment housed within the facility should occupy minimal floor space. Such a perfect data center can be created only of the coolant is a nonflammable, noncorrosive hydro-fluoro-ether. This coolant supposedly has excellent heat-transfer characteristics.

A data center facility can also make use of single and/or two-phase immersion-cooling technology. The single phase immersion-cooling set-up keeps the coolant in a liquid at all times. On the other hand, in a two-phased set-up the heat exchanger dissipates excess hotness to regulate process temperature. This is a brand new concept and heat-sensitive hardware components must be directly placed inside the coolant to ensure that the concept is yielding.

Advantages of using liquid cooling techniques:

- Energy bills get substantially reduced

- Consumption of water drops down

- Tighter packing of equipment leads to space savings

- All types of electronics such as servers, switches, solid-state storage units, electric vehicle battery packs, inverters, power supplies etc. can be liquid cooled

- It reduces data center energy usage, space requirement and upfront capital cost considerably with existing cooling systems

The coolant can also be a proprietary liquid which is similar in properties to mineral oil. As a matter of fact, challenge remains that companies need to find server solutions which boost performance as well as increase and/or decrease energy consumption as and when needed. Many a times this data center footprint becomes a benchmark rendering better energy usage returns.